やさしい日本語とAI翻訳が出会う時 その2 AI翻訳がAEDになる日

やさしい日本語とAI翻訳が出会う時   その2 AI翻訳がAEDになる日

多言語音声翻訳(以下「AI翻訳」)と「やさしい日本語」について、それぞれ違った視点から「万能論」を語る人がいる。

AI翻訳では「これがあれば英語を勉強する必要がなくなる」という話がある。英語に絞れば、必要な時だけ英語を使う、ということなら将来実現するかもしれない。しかし相手と仲良くなりたい、長い付き合いをしたいと思うなら、ツールを介したコミュニケーションでは困難であり、お互いが直接話し合える共通言語が必要になる。一橋大学庵功雄教授は「『 地域における共通言語』の役割を果たせるのは、『英語』ではなく、また『日常の日本語』でもなく、『やさしい日本語』だけである」と述べている。

一方、「やさしい日本語」も、自治体関係者の間などでは「『やさしい日本語』を導入していれば多言語対応をしていることになる」という人がいる。予算や人材不足の言い訳に、「やさしい日本語」がアリバイとして使われているという感も否めない。「やさしい日本語」は多文化共生社会の基盤となるものとして、外国人への日本語教育と併せて推進していくべきものだが、命や人権・財産に関わる場面では、相手の母語を保障してやりとりしなければならない。

「やさしい日本語」はツーリズムや災害発生時などに幅広く活用されることはあるものの、医療や法律相談などの際には、専門の通訳が不可欠である。

このように、AI翻訳と「やさしい日本語」は万能というわけではない。しかし、この2つがお互い補完し合えば網羅性がさらに拡大する。その架け橋となるものが「やさしい日本語」の考え方を応用したAI翻訳活用である。その考えを2019年に総務省が政策に取り入れた

私は、AI翻訳はあくまで必要なときに効果的に使うものであると考えている。そのためには、日本人が必要な時にAI翻訳というツールの存在を思い出し、あらかじめ正しい使い方を習得しておく必要がある。

この視点から考えると、AI翻訳はAEDと似ていると言えよう。

AEDの正式名称は「自動体外式除細動器」だが、「心停止した人に緊急対応する装置」として認知し、多くの人が集まる場所を中心に設置されている。AEDは治療するものではなく、あくまで緊急対応のツールであり、鼓動が復活すれば救急治療も可能となる。各地の消防訓練などでその使い方講習が行われている。

AI翻訳も、緊急対応の視点から注目すべきだろう。その認知を広げ、緊急時にこそ誰でも使えるツールとして多くの人にインストールしてもらっておく。試用機会を提供し、AI翻訳の特性と使用方法を理解した上で実際の使用場面で落ち着いて使用できるようにする。AI翻訳とAEDはその社会的な意義から普及・活用に至る方法論まで極めて似ており、今後のAI翻訳の普及を目指す上で参考になるだろう。

現在私は小平市での「やさしい日本語X多言語音声翻訳」の実践協力をきっかけに、おもてなしにおけるVoiceTraの活用について、各地で講演を依頼されている。VoiceTraの素晴らしいところは、入力した言葉の翻訳結果を再度日本語に翻訳して提示することで、使用者が翻訳結果を評価できる点にある。

私は講演でやさしい日本語やVoiceTraの万能論を説くのではなく、VoiceTraを使ってあらかじめ言葉を調整するトレーニングをすれば、結果的に「やさしい日本語」の話し方も上達する、ということを伝えることにしている。このような講演が消防訓練におけるAED試用体験のような日々見られるような光景となり、将来、やさしい日本語とAI翻訳がAEDと同じぐらい普及する日が来るのを夢見ている。

吉開 章

吉開 章(よしかい・あきら)寄稿者

投稿者プロフィール

やさしい日本語ツーリズム研究会事務局長、株式会社電通勤務。2010年日本語教育能力検定試験合格。会員3万人以上の日本語学習者支援コミュニティ「The 日本語 Learning Community(Facebook参照)」主宰。ネットを活用した自律学習者に詳しい。2016年「やさしい日本語ツーリズム」企画を故郷の福岡県柳川市で立ち上げ。論文・講演実績などはこちら(WEB参照)。

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7月
23
1:00 PM 令和4年度文化庁委託主任教員研修... @ オンライン(ZOOM開催)、AP東京八重洲、AP大阪茶屋町
令和4年度文化庁委託主任教員研修... @ オンライン(ZOOM開催)、AP東京八重洲、AP大阪茶屋町
7月 23 2022 @ 1:00 PM – 2月 13 2023 @ 6:00 PM
【申し込み締め切り】2022年7月12日㈫ 今年度も当協会では,文化庁委託日本語教育人材の研修プログラム普及事業のうち「日本語教育コーディネーター(主任教員)に対する研修」分野を実施することとなりました。それに伴い,担当講師育成研修を開催いたします。 本普及事業においては令和2年度から当該の研修を担当する講師を育成するための研修が義務付けられております。今年度の主任教員研修における「担当講師育成研修」においては,研修担当講師に求められる①主任教員研修を担当し実施する力,②主任教員研修を企画・運営する力,の獲得を目標に主任教員を育成できる人材の養成を目指します。 主任教員研修と担当講師育成研修を合わせて実施する研修は本普及事業ならではのものです。本研修の実績として,令和2,3年度の担当講師育成研修を修了した複数の者が実際に研修担当講師として主任教員研修で活躍をしています。 この貴重な機会にぜひご参加いただき,今後の日本語教育の発展に向けてさらなる研鑽を積んでいただくことを期待しております。 受講希望者におかれましては,募集要項を熟読の上,来る7月12日(火)までに,所定の方法にてご応募くださるよう,お願いいたします。   参加費無し(研修内容に応じた指導補助謝金,交通費,宿泊費をお支払いいたします。)
12月
10
1:00 PM 日本語支援ボランティア養成講座(... @ 本多公民館
日本語支援ボランティア養成講座(... @ 本多公民館
12月 10 2022 @ 1:00 PM – 1月 14 2023 @ 5:00 PM
外国人への「日本語の教え方」を初めて学ぶ方に適した講座です。 <養成講座開催日時> 2022年12月10日/12月17日/2023年1月7日/1月14日(土)午後1時~5時 全4日間 <講 師> 木戸恵子先生(獨協大学非常勤講師)  <会 場> 本多公民館(国分寺市) <受講対象者> 国分寺市及び近郊都市に在住・在勤の方 <定 員>   30名 (定員に達した後は、キャンセル待ちとなります) <受講料>   4,000円 ※受講料は、後日(11月中旬)、申込者に順次お送りする「受講ガイド」に従ってお振込みください。 <ご確認ください> 今日の感染状況を鑑み、「オンライン開催」に変更される可能性があることをご了承ください。変更の際は、決定次第、ご連絡させていただきます。  ★講座に関する詳細、および Q&Aはこちらをご覧ください。  https://www.1991kia.jp/nihongo-shien-kouza2022/
12月
11
1:00 PM 現場の最前線が知れる‼多文化共生... @ オンライン(Zoom)
現場の最前線が知れる‼多文化共生... @ オンライン(Zoom)
12月 11 @ 1:00 PM – 2:30 PM
【内容】 日本における在留外国人が年々増加している中、企業の外国人雇用や教育現場の日本語を習得できていない外国人留学生、外国につながる児童生徒との円滑なコミュニケーションや学習面での課題が問題となっています。 日本語教育とフォントの関係性についてUDフォントが有効であるという傾向が見えてきた中、今回のセミナーでは、現場の先生方と共に外国人留学生や生活者としての外国人の日本語教育の現状と対策、これからの課題を、実証試験の内容も踏まえながら「UDフォント」や「やさしい日本語」から始める日本語教育の支援について考えます。 ▼イベントの詳細・申込はこちら https://go.morisawa.co.jp/l/896081/2022-11-21/ngpt7 【概要】 日時:12月11日(日) 13:00~14:30 ※当⽇参加できない⽅も、お申し込みいただければ後⽇アーカイブ動画が視聴可能 参加費:無料 募集定員:1,000名 講師: 長崎短期大学 准教授 岩﨑 千恵 氏 崇城大学 就職課 課長補佐 公益財団法人 地方経済総合研究所 特別研究員 前田 和則 氏 熊本大学 教育学部附属特別支援学校 後藤 匡敬 氏 主催:株式会社モリサワ 【お問い合わせ先】 株式会社モリサワ 東京本社 営業企画部 公共ビジネス課 E-mail:public-biz@morisawa.co.jp

注目の記事

  1. 武蔵野大学が文化庁委託「就労者のための初任日本語教師研修」の募集を開始 日本で外国人労…
  2. 信濃毎日の「五色のメビウス」を読んで 地域メディアがけん引する多文化社会 長野県の地方…
  3. 「やさしい日本語」で外国人の労災を防げ 厚労省が「手引き」作成 厚生労働省はこのほど、…

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