やさしい日本語とAI翻訳が出会う時 その2 AI翻訳がAEDになる日

やさしい日本語とAI翻訳が出会う時   その2 AI翻訳がAEDになる日

多言語音声翻訳(以下「AI翻訳」)と「やさしい日本語」について、それぞれ違った視点から「万能論」を語る人がいる。

AI翻訳では「これがあれば英語を勉強する必要がなくなる」という話がある。英語に絞れば、必要な時だけ英語を使う、ということなら将来実現するかもしれない。しかし相手と仲良くなりたい、長い付き合いをしたいと思うなら、ツールを介したコミュニケーションでは困難であり、お互いが直接話し合える共通言語が必要になる。一橋大学庵功雄教授は「『 地域における共通言語』の役割を果たせるのは、『英語』ではなく、また『日常の日本語』でもなく、『やさしい日本語』だけである」と述べている。

一方、「やさしい日本語」も、自治体関係者の間などでは「『やさしい日本語』を導入していれば多言語対応をしていることになる」という人がいる。予算や人材不足の言い訳に、「やさしい日本語」がアリバイとして使われているという感も否めない。「やさしい日本語」は多文化共生社会の基盤となるものとして、外国人への日本語教育と併せて推進していくべきものだが、命や人権・財産に関わる場面では、相手の母語を保障してやりとりしなければならない。

「やさしい日本語」はツーリズムや災害発生時などに幅広く活用されることはあるものの、医療や法律相談などの際には、専門の通訳が不可欠である。

このように、AI翻訳と「やさしい日本語」は万能というわけではない。しかし、この2つがお互い補完し合えば網羅性がさらに拡大する。その架け橋となるものが「やさしい日本語」の考え方を応用したAI翻訳活用である。その考えを2019年に総務省が政策に取り入れた

私は、AI翻訳はあくまで必要なときに効果的に使うものであると考えている。そのためには、日本人が必要な時にAI翻訳というツールの存在を思い出し、あらかじめ正しい使い方を習得しておく必要がある。

この視点から考えると、AI翻訳はAEDと似ていると言えよう。

AEDの正式名称は「自動体外式除細動器」だが、「心停止した人に緊急対応する装置」として認知し、多くの人が集まる場所を中心に設置されている。AEDは治療するものではなく、あくまで緊急対応のツールであり、鼓動が復活すれば救急治療も可能となる。各地の消防訓練などでその使い方講習が行われている。

AI翻訳も、緊急対応の視点から注目すべきだろう。その認知を広げ、緊急時にこそ誰でも使えるツールとして多くの人にインストールしてもらっておく。試用機会を提供し、AI翻訳の特性と使用方法を理解した上で実際の使用場面で落ち着いて使用できるようにする。AI翻訳とAEDはその社会的な意義から普及・活用に至る方法論まで極めて似ており、今後のAI翻訳の普及を目指す上で参考になるだろう。

現在私は小平市での「やさしい日本語X多言語音声翻訳」の実践協力をきっかけに、おもてなしにおけるVoiceTraの活用について、各地で講演を依頼されている。VoiceTraの素晴らしいところは、入力した言葉の翻訳結果を再度日本語に翻訳して提示することで、使用者が翻訳結果を評価できる点にある。

私は講演でやさしい日本語やVoiceTraの万能論を説くのではなく、VoiceTraを使ってあらかじめ言葉を調整するトレーニングをすれば、結果的に「やさしい日本語」の話し方も上達する、ということを伝えることにしている。このような講演が消防訓練におけるAED試用体験のような日々見られるような光景となり、将来、やさしい日本語とAI翻訳がAEDと同じぐらい普及する日が来るのを夢見ている。

吉開 章

吉開 章(よしかい・あきら)寄稿者

投稿者プロフィール

やさしい日本語ツーリズム研究会事務局長、株式会社電通勤務。2010年日本語教育能力検定試験合格。会員3万人以上の日本語学習者支援コミュニティ「The 日本語 Learning Community(Facebook参照)」主宰。ネットを活用した自律学習者に詳しい。2016年「やさしい日本語ツーリズム」企画を故郷の福岡県柳川市で立ち上げ。論文・講演実績などはこちら(WEB参照)。

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7月
23
1:00 PM 令和4年度文化庁委託主任教員研修... @ オンライン(ZOOM開催)、AP東京八重洲、AP大阪茶屋町
令和4年度文化庁委託主任教員研修... @ オンライン(ZOOM開催)、AP東京八重洲、AP大阪茶屋町
7月 23 2022 @ 1:00 PM – 2月 13 2023 @ 6:00 PM
【申し込み締め切り】2022年7月12日㈫ 今年度も当協会では,文化庁委託日本語教育人材の研修プログラム普及事業のうち「日本語教育コーディネーター(主任教員)に対する研修」分野を実施することとなりました。それに伴い,担当講師育成研修を開催いたします。 本普及事業においては令和2年度から当該の研修を担当する講師を育成するための研修が義務付けられております。今年度の主任教員研修における「担当講師育成研修」においては,研修担当講師に求められる①主任教員研修を担当し実施する力,②主任教員研修を企画・運営する力,の獲得を目標に主任教員を育成できる人材の養成を目指します。 主任教員研修と担当講師育成研修を合わせて実施する研修は本普及事業ならではのものです。本研修の実績として,令和2,3年度の担当講師育成研修を修了した複数の者が実際に研修担当講師として主任教員研修で活躍をしています。 この貴重な機会にぜひご参加いただき,今後の日本語教育の発展に向けてさらなる研鑽を積んでいただくことを期待しております。 受講希望者におかれましては,募集要項を熟読の上,来る7月12日(火)までに,所定の方法にてご応募くださるよう,お願いいたします。   参加費無し(研修内容に応じた指導補助謝金,交通費,宿泊費をお支払いいたします。)
8月
11
12:00 PM 初心者さんも1時間でわかる!日本... @ オンライン
初心者さんも1時間でわかる!日本... @ オンライン
8月 11 @ 12:00 PM – 1:00 PM
現役日本語講師が伝授!オンライン日本語レッスン最先端ツールがわかる!バーチャルクラスルームを作ってグループレッスンもますます楽しい! 「Cosmos」(コスモス)とは、オンラインで使える基本無料のリモート会議システムです。(https://cosmos.video/) Cosmosを使うと、味気ないリモートレッスンが、たちまち楽しいバーチャルクラスルームに早変わり!教材をクラスでシェアしたり、小さなグループに分かれて練習する、などクラスルームの機能を全部兼ね備えつつ、自分のアバターを作ることができたり、ゲームができたり、ペットがいたり、遊び心満載で、レッスンが一層楽しくなります。 <こんなことを学びます> Cosmosのオンライン日本語授業での活用の仕方を練習します。 操作方法もご案内しますので、オンライン日本語教師の経験がまだない方にも、そして、Cosmosを使ったことがない方も最先端ともいえるバーチャルクラスルームを使いこなせるようになります! <こんなことが出来るようになります> Cosmosの操作方法、日本語レッスンにおける使用方法がわかります。Cosmosは、複数の人が同じクラスルームに入れるので、グループレッスンも受けつけられるようになります。 <こんな風に教えます> 少人数制で和気あいあいと進みますので、リラックスしてご参加ください♪ みんなで話し合いながら、自由に楽しく学んで頂きます。質疑応答のコーナーも一応設けていますが、わからないことはレッスン中いつでもお声がけください。 <開催方法> こちらの講座では、ZOOMやスカイプのようなお馴染みのオンライン会議システムではなく、あえて、日本ではまだなじみの薄いCosmos Video(https://cosmos.video/ )を利用します。 バーチャルクラスルームとして無料で使える楽しいプラットフォームですので、一緒に楽しみましょう! 講座にお申込みいただいたみなさまに別途Cosmos Videoでの入室の仕方をご案内いたしますので、ご安心くださいませ♪(ダウンロードは必要なく、基本的に講座用リンクをクリックするだけで参加することができます) Cosmos Videoはアプリもあるので、iPhoneや iPadからもアプリで参加も可能ですが、講座を最大限に楽しむために、デスクトップやノートパソコンでのご参加をお願いいたします。(アプリでは機能が限られています) Cosmos Videoが推奨する、おススメのブラウザーは Google Chrome (version 74 or newer) Mozilla Firefox (version 78 or newer) Chromium based browsers (Edge, Opera, Vivaldi etc) となっています。 <定員> 6名まで (講師を含まない人数です)
8月
17
9:30 AM 1か月でマスター!オンライン日本... @ オンライン
1か月でマスター!オンライン日本... @ オンライン
8月 17 @ 9:30 AM – 9月 7 @ 11:30 PM
まだ日本語教師として日本語を教えたことがない方、あるいはオンラインで日本語を教えたことがない方、英語を使って日本語を教えたことがない方、これから教えようと思っている方のために、英語を使ってコミュニカティブに教える方法を1か月(週1回、2時間x4回)にわたって一緒に練習します。 短期間で実際に日本語教師デビューできるよう、実践的スキルに絞ってお伝えします。 このコースでは ・毎回各日本語学習項目の具体的教え方のコツ (市販テキストを例に1課ごと教え方を練習し、初級テキスト内容をご自身で教えられるようにします。) ・毎回コミュニカティブな教え方のコツをひとテーマずつご紹介 (コース終了するころには、グループレッスンのハンドリングもできるようになり、幅広いオンラインレッスンを行えるようになります。) ・毎回教えるときに役立つ英語表現をご紹介 (英語も教材もダブルで駆使して、英語話者の学習者の理解度を高めます。) ・英語話者の学習者が間違いやすいポイントをご紹介 (学習者が効率よく日本語をマスターするのをお手伝いできるようになります。) ・オンライン日本語教材を作成するツール (たくさんある便利なツールから特に使えるツールに絞って毎回紹介しますので、一層楽しいオンラインレッスンを提供できます!) をカバーします。 <こんなことが出来るようになります> オンライン日本語教師デビューできます! <こんな風に教えます> 少人数制で和気あいあいと進みますので、リラックスしてご参加ください♪ 講師の一方的な説明にならずに参加者の皆さんと対話する形式で、 自由に楽しく学んで頂きます。質疑応答のコーナーも一応設けていますが、わからないことはレッスン中いつでもお声がけください。 <開催方法> 日本語レッスンにもお役立ていただきたいので、こちらの講座では、ZOOMやスカイプのような日本でもお馴染みのオンライン会議システムではなく、あえて、日本ではまだなじみの薄いCosmos Video(https://cosmos.video/ )を利用します。 バーチャルクラスルームとして無料で使える楽しいプラットフォームですので、日本語レッスンでの使い方もご紹介しますね♪ 講座にお申込みいただいたみなさまに別途Cosmos Videoでの入室の仕方をご案内いたしますので、ご安心くださいませ♪(インストールは必要なく、基本的に講座用リンクをクリックするだけで参加することができます) Cosmos Videoはアプリもあるので、iPhoneや iPadからもアプリで参加も可能ですが、講座を最大限に楽しむために、デスクトップやノートパソコンでのご参加をお願いいたします。(アプリでは機能が限られています) Cosmos Videoが推奨する、おススメのブラウザーは Google Chrome (version 74 or newer) Mozilla Firefox (version 78 or newer) Chromium based browsers (Edge, Opera, Vivaldi etc) となっています。 <定員> 6名まで (講師を含まない人数です)
8月
21
10:00 AM 第2回:JLPT聴解対策から、聞く力... @ オンライン(Zoom)
第2回:JLPT聴解対策から、聞く力... @ オンライン(Zoom)
8月 21 @ 10:00 AM – 11:30 AM
第2回:JLPT聴解対策から、聞く力を伸ばす授業づくり―『JLPT聴解N3ポイント&プラクティス』を使って― [日 時] 2022年8月21日(日)10:00~11:30 [講 師] 田代 ひとみ 先生(東京外国語大学 非常勤講師) [内 容] 聞き取りがうまくできない原因はどこにあるのでしょうか。 学習者が聞く力を伸ばすにはどのようなサポートが有効でしょうか。 このセミナーでは、模擬授業を体験していただき、試験対策の実践的な問題を解きながら、聴解をする上で重要な項目を確認します。 そこから、よりよい指導法を探っていきます。 [お問い合わせ・お申し込み▼] ウェブサイト https://bit.ly/PnPapply から、またはメールでお申込みください。 メールでお申込みの際は、件名を「オンライン日本語サロン研修会(セミナー日)」とし、本文にお名前・ふりがな・メールアドレス・ご所属をご記入の上、ksakai@bonjinsha.co.jp(担当:凡人社坂井)までお送りください。 教材について聞いてみたいこと、関心のあることがあれば、お書き添えください。

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